Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae)
Curcuma longa, commonly known as Turmeric, is native to Southwest India with its rhizomes being the source of a bright yellow spice with various medicinal applications. It is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and similarly used for it medicinal value, in the cosmetic industry, and as a dye. The medicinal potentials of this plant as well as that of one of its bioactive constituents, curcumin, has been well studied. Turmeric can be regarded as a drug for the management of many diseases, such as cancer, inflammations, microbial infections, diabetes, arthritic, muscular disorders, biliary disorders, anorexia, cough, diabetic wounds, hepatic disorders, and sinusitis. Curcumin also displayed various pharmacological activities including antioxidant, antineoplastic, antiviral, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, anticoagulant, antifertility, cardiovascular protective, hepatoprotective, and immunostimulant activities in mammals.
Turmeric is native to tropical southwestern India where temperatures typically range from 65 to 85 degrees F. in moist humid conditions. Turmeric typically begins growth at the beginning of the monsoon season and thrives in monsoon conditions, but becomes dormant when the monsoon ends and drier soils prevail. A large percentage of the world’s commercial crop is produced in India. There is no monsoon in the U.S., but plants grown in Zones 8-11 require a moist summer growing season followed by a dormant winter season.
Winter hardy to USDA Zones 8-11 where it is easily grown in organically rich, fertile, consistently moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Best with morning sun and some afternoon shade. Plants like hot summers and high humidity. In early spring, plant rhizomes to 4” deep.
"This variety selected and maintained by Florida seed steward Mark Homesteader of Homestead Heirloom Gardens."