Helianthus annuus. This relatively rare sunflower was a common classic staple of the Hidatsa Nation. Famously mentioned in Buffalo Bird Woman's Garden, these sunflowers were the first things planted in the Hidatsa garden. A symbol of the sun and also warriors across Mesoamerica and indigenous peoples, sunflowers were seemingly domesticated twice-in the Eastern U.S. and also in Mexico, much like squash (C. pepo). This Hidatsa variety is edible in seeds, flower heads and buds when young treated like artichokes or cardoons, and also makes a beautiful bird attractant and cut flower!
Not only a food and dye source, sunflowers were a popular medicinal source for many Native Americans. The Dakota used it to treat chest pains and pulmonary problems. The Cherokee drank an infusion of sunflowers to help with kidney troubles. Sunflower roots were used by Paiute to alleviate rheumatism. The Hidatsa used sunflower seeds to make cooking oil. The Hopi believed that there would be a large harvest if the number of sunflowers grown were also large. Sunflowers were used in food in Mexico and was known to treat chest pains. The Navajo used it in their sun sand painting ceremonies. Different tribes also used sunflowers to create purple, black and yellow dyes for decoration. The Zuni tribe uses a sunflower poultice to draw venom from snakebites.
~1tbl spoon of seed per packet. Seeds are a mix of striped and solid white and black.
Grown for us by Pat Brodowski at Monticello.